The SilverStone NightJar NJ700 Passive PSU Review: Silent Excellenceby E. Fylladitakis on November 29, 2021 8:00 AM EST
- Posted in
- Passive Cooling
One particularly annoying drawback of nearly all powerful electronics is the noise generated from their required coolers. Although PC components are getting more and more efficient, the general rule still holds: a powerful PC will come with significant cooling requirements.
This typically is not a concern for gamers, as the noise generated by the PC is often overshadowed by the speakers or headphones. For users who want to build a high-performance entertainment center, however, noise can be a significant issue. When a PC is installed in the living room, it needs to be powerful enough for games, but still quiet while playing/streaming media. The same goes for users who combine their professional and gaming needs into one system or, for whatever reason, they require abundant processing power to perform their profession.
One of the major noise sources inside a PC is the power supply unit (PSU). Low-cost PSUs tend to be less efficient – losing a larger portion of their input power to waste heat – and as a result they rely on a strong flow of air rather than heatsink surface area alone in order to dissipate heat, which makes them quite loud when power requirements are high. Thankfully, improvements in PSU efficiency have been driving down the amount of waste heat (and thus noise) over the years – at least for the higher-end models. As a result, what we often find is that the higher quality (higher priced) a PSU is, the quieter it operates.
In today’s review, we are having a look at a PSU from SilverStone that puts that rule to the test: the Nightjar NJ700, a 700 Watt ATX PSU that is so efficient and well-designed so as to require no active air cooling at all. Although passively cooled PSU are as rare as hen’s teeth, we have seen several passively cooled PSUs in the past, including our recent review of SilverStone’s own Nightjar NJ450-SXL. The unique aspect of the Nightjar NJ700 is the high power output of 700 Watts, which requires an amazingly efficient design to be able to cope with the thermal losses without any active cooling.
|Power specifications ( Rated @ 50 °C )|
|AC INPUT||100 - 240 VAC, 50 - 60 Hz|
Packaging and Bundle
We received the SilverStone NJ700 in an aesthetically simple but practical cardboard box. The artwork is simplistic, with a blue/gold color theme and based around a picture of the PSU itself. On the other hand, the box is sizable and with very thick exterior walls, providing ample shipping protection.
SilverStone usually goes with the bare minimum number of bundled items, but the NJ700 seems to be an exception. Inside the box, we find the mounting screws, the required AC power cable, a thorough manual, numerous cable ties, and five high-quality black/white cable straps.
The SilverStone Nightjar NJ700 is a fully modular PSU and every cable, including the 24-pin ATX cable, can be detached. With the exception of the 24-pin ATX cable, the rest of the cables are ribbon-like, “flat” type. The main 24-pin ATX cable is made of all-black wires too but they are bundled and held inside a black nylon sleeve.
|SilverStone Nightjar NJ700|
|ATX 24 Pin||-||1|
|EPS 4+4 Pin||-||1|
|EPS 8 Pin||-||-|
|PCI-E 6+2 Pin||-||4|
|PCI-E 8 Pin||-||-|
The SilverStone Nightjar NJ700 PSU
The SilverStone Nightjar NJ700 definitely is an irregular design, with all surfaces except its bottom perforated to allow for the maximum possible passive airflow. The perforation pattern alone is enough to hint the OEM behind this PSU’s creation to a seasoned expert.
Its chassis is dimensionally close to that of an ATX unit but the NJ700 is 170 mm long, making it a bit longer than what the ATX standard dictates. Still, there should not be any clearance issues with any but the most restrictive of PC cases. Due to its thermal design, however, we would not recommend installing it inside a case with a tight PSU cover because it would essentially block any heat transfer from the unit. The NJ700 is designed so as to be installed with the vents facing upwards, letting the hot air rise and ultimately exit the case via other fans or vents.
In order to leave the heatsinks unobstructed, the designer moved the sticker with the unit’s electrical specifications and certifications to the bottom side of the unit. Even there, the sticker was limited to less than half the surface area, as small vents have been placed under critical components.
At the rear side of the PSU, we find the typical on/off switch and the AC cable receptacle. The interesting thing here is that SilverStone’s engineers placed two mounting hole patterns, allowing the mounting of the PSU to face upwards or downwards. Depending on the case that the PSU will be installed in, the user has to make an educated guess in order to ascertain the optimal orientation for effective passive air cooling. The front side hosts the connectors for the modular cables, all of which are black but are keyed and it is not possible to mix-up the connectors while attaching the cables. A basic legend is sprayed directly on the PSU’s chassis.
With no fan to talk about inside the SilverStone NJ700, we jump right away to the OEM of the platform, who is none other than SeaSonic. As we mentioned above, this is obvious to an experienced PC builder, as the external design of the PSU is, with the exception of the company’s logos, practically identical to that of the SeaSonic Prime Fanless. SilverStone usually employs Enhance for their fanless PSUs but, apparently, Enhance does not yet have a platform that can deliver this high a power output without any active cooling.
As expected from SeaSonic and for the nature of this particular design, the platform that the NJ700 is based upon is pretty much the best it could possibly be without employing cutting-edge digital electronics. That their engineers managed to squeeze 80Plus Titanium efficiency levels out of an analog design is quite a feat on its own. SeaSonic probably sticks with such designs due to their extremely high reliability and proven track record from decades of use.
The insides of the SilverStone Nightjar NJ700 do not look much different than any other high quality 700W PSU. Even the heatsinks, though sizable, are not as substantial as one would expect from a passively cooled unit. Only the heatsink placed directly on the main transformer stands out compared to typical ATX products.
A generous filtering stage begins at the back of the AC receptacle, under a shield, with six Y capacitors, three X capacitors, and two filtering coils. There are two powerful rectifying bridges, with a sizable heatsink sandwiched in between them. There are two APFC capacitors, both made by Nippon Chemi-Con and rated at 400v/470μF each.
The primary side of the PSU is a standard full-bridge configuration with an LLC resonant converter. On the secondary side, four MOSFETs generate a single 12V line, with additional DC-DC converters present to generate the 5V and 3.3V lines from that. The difference is that both the four inverting transistors on the primary side and the four converting MOSFETs on the secondary side are top-tier products with extremely low drain-source resistance and gate charge, making them remarkably efficient.
Most of the secondary capacitors in the SilverStone NJ700 are polymer products made by FPCAP. A lot of them are placed on the secondary PCB that holds the connectors for the power cables for the final filtering of the DC power lines. Nevertheless, there are a few electrolytic capacitors present, one made by Rubycon and the rest by Nippon Chemi-Con, making the Nightjar NJ700 an all-Japanese affair.
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IBM760XL - Monday, November 29, 2021 - linkAs the owner of a SeaSonic Prime Ultra Titanium 650W (albeit with a fan), I'm not surprised by the performance covered in this review. It matches up with the reviews of SeaSonic's models I read prior to buying this PSU.
The question does indeed seem to be why someone would buy this PSU in preference to SeaSonic's. The lesser warranty doesn't help that equation, and the SilverStone seems to be a little more expensive. Perhaps SilverStone has wider distribution channels and that's their plan? I'd be curious if there's any other reason to prefer the SilverStone.
Not that it really matters to me - my SeaSonic is under warranty until 2030, so I probably won't be in the PSU market for a few years.
shelbystripes - Monday, November 29, 2021 - linkThis is like reading hybrid SUV reviews that confirms industry-leading fuel mileage, and commenting “as an owner of a pickup truck, why would someone buy one of these?”
If you don’t need a silent PSU, you don’t need a silent PSU. There’s also the advantage of not having a fan built inside a PSU (which laypeople should NEVER open up, for safety reasons) as a potential point of failure. It’s easier and cheaper to manage the airflow in your HTPC, including replacing noisy or failing fans, if they aren’t built into your PSU…
dubyadubya - Monday, November 29, 2021 - linkSeasonic makes a completely fanless competitor, the SeaSonic Prime Fanless TX-700 so your analogy is a little off base IMO. In fact it is the same exact PSU for $26 less and it has a 12 year warranty instead of the 5 year warranty on the Silverstone. If I needed a fanless 700 watt PSU I know where my money is going to go. I tend to only buy PSU's made by Seasonic as IMO there are is nothing better so either way a great PSU.
Oxford Guy - Sunday, December 5, 2021 - linkSilverstone is a middle man so it cut the warranty in order to find some place for margin.
tonyou - Monday, December 6, 2021 - linkActually Seasonic as an OEM does not offer warranty longer than 3 years no matter how much anyone is willing to pay. So its own retail division offering 12 year warranty is more or less a marketing cost, it doesn't mean the PSU will last any longer.
jak0b-DK - Friday, December 10, 2021 - linkI don't have 12 years experience with seasonic yet, but the 5 years of using them in gaming-rigs and servers without any issues, make me suspect that they probably will endure.
Also - knowing that a key factor to semiconductor (and Cap's) lifespan is heat - Less heat = longer life, it make sense that they can last longer in platinum series.
And finally - what company would offer 12 years of warrenty on a product expected to die within say 7 years. I trust that seasonic engineers know what they are doing, and apparently company exec's do so too. ;)
tonyou - Sunday, December 12, 2021 - linkAll PSU manufacturers we work with including ourselves engineer power supplies to last the life of typical PCs. Other than design / production or bad batch from key components, most PSUs will be able to achieve that goal. With that said, even the best PSUs will not be 100% defect-free so that's what the warranty will hopefully cover. We are not saying that Seasonic or any other brands' PSU will not last up to 10 or 12 years. What we are trying to convey is that warranty length is not an indication of a PSU's service life or quality over models with shorter warranty. It is simply a marketing add-on by the brand's retail department when warranty offered is longer than industry standard 2-3 years. We have asked Seasonic to provide more than 3 year warranty to us and offered to pay more, but they refused.
dubyadubya - Monday, December 13, 2021 - linkYou are talking about commercial equipment not consumer stuff. Sure commercial stuff is made to last as money spent up front will keep costs down later down the road. No need for a long warranty on such products as the people involved know a warranty in itself does not make a product better. Now on consumer grade PSU's its a different story. A long warranty from a long standing company tells the consumer the manufacture more than likely did not cut corners and are selling a quality product. Yes as you say quality PSU's can last 10 years or more but for a consumer what is the measure of a quality PSU? Low end PSU's tend to fail sooner than later as most if not all a made by crap OEM's. Many crap PSU's are sold for high dollar even though they are crap. I have replaced a pile of them over the years for friends and relatives. PSU's are the number one failure point in consumer PC's or close to it. It used to be about equal between PSU's, optical drives and mother board caps back in the day. Even some big names sell crap PSU's. Look at the Gigabyte GP-P750GM fiasco. Many PSU failures wipe out other parts. When this happens the only safe thing to do is start from scratch which costs money. Nope I'd rather spend the money on the front end and buy Seasonic or made by Seasonic PSU's. My main rig is over 7 years old and the Seasonic built Corsair AX750 is still solid as a rock. It's too bad Corsair no longer uses Seasonic as a OEM as far as I know. I'm in the process of building a new PC and you can bet it's going to be Seasonic powered. The old PC will be handed down to replace the Q6600 rig I built in 2008 that is also Seasonic powered, so 13 years and counting.
IBM760XL - Monday, November 29, 2021 - linkWhat dubya said. I already knew about SeaSonic's direct competitor, and the conclusion of the article mentions it as well, so if you'd read the article you would have also been aware of it. Just because I decided to buy the less expensive fan model doesn't mean I hadn't done research on the fanless one.
Wrs - Tuesday, November 30, 2021 - linkIt's possible this is an optimization of the Seasonic design. I don't remember the Seasonic fanless ever being more efficient at 115V? Or hitting 96% at 115V - that might be a record for ATX.